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RESOLUTION NO. 2015-57 RESOLUTION PROHIBITING THE USE AND PURCHASE OF NEONICOTINOID PESTICIDES BY THE CITY OF LAFAYETTE

WHEREAS, neonicotinoids, are systemic, persistent neurotoxins absorbed by plants through the roots and the leaves, that spread throughout the plant tissue, including leaves, guttation fluids, nectar and the pollen gathered by pollinators, which creates a direct exposure route for bees and other pollinating insects; and

WHEREAS, there are six types of neonicotinoids used in plants: imidacloprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, dinotefuran, acetamiprid, and thiacloprid; and

WHEREAS, an independent review of more than 800 peer-reviewed scientific studies have demonstrated that neonicotinoids adversely impact beneficial soil invertebrates, avian and aquatic organisms, contaminate water resources and soils, and contaminate the pollen and nectar that is gathered by pollinators; and

WHEREAS, scientific studies concluded that neonicotinoids endanger pollinators through acute poisonings as well as through chronic sublethal exposures, which can depress the immune system, can reduce fecundity, increase susceptibility to biological infections and natural stressors such as parasites, pathogens, contribute to poor nutrition due to habitat loss and industrial agricultural systems, and studies have shown other adverse effects associated with neonicotinoids, including delays in larval development, decreases in queen survival and negative effects on feeding, navigational and reproductive behaviors; and

WHEREAS, responding to scientific studies and finding that neonicotinoids pose unacceptable hazards to pollinators, the European Union in 2013 instituted a two-year moratorium on some uses of neonicotinoids, while US cities and Counties, including Boulder, CO, Eugene and Portland, OR, Spokane and Seattle, WA and Shorewood and St. Louis Park, MN have instituted resolutions and/or bans against municipal use of neonicotinoids, while the US Fish and Wildlife Service has banned the use of neonicotinoids on all 150 million acres of its National Wildlife Refuge System; and

WHEREAS, municipal, residential and commercial use of neonicotinoid and other systemic pesticides on home gardens, public parks, school grounds and other local and municipal areas pose unacceptable risks to bees, other pollinators and aquatic invertebrates, and furthermore their introduction into the environment is often unintentional and/or inadvertent, since labeling is not required for treated nursery materials; and

WHEREAS, this same municipal, residential and commercial use of neonicotinoid and other systemic pesticides on home gardens, public parks, school grounds and other local and municipal areas may pose health risks to human residents; and

WHEREAS, the use of hazardous and persistent pesticides, including neonicotinoids, is not necessary to create and maintain green lawns and landscapes, home and public Resolution No.2015-57 2 gardens and open spaces, given the availability of viable alternative practices and products; and

WHEREAS, Concerns are being raised about the human health effects caused by chronic dietary exposure to neonicotinoids, especially the negative effects of neurotoxicants on brain development in children.

WHEREAS, Children are the primary users of public parks and, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency, children are especially sensitive to health risks posed by pesticides. Children's internal organs are still developing and maturing and their enzymatic, metabolic, and immune systems may provide less natural protection than those of an adult.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF LAFAYETTE, COLORADO, THAT:

1. The City of Lafayette shall not purchase or use neonicotinoid pesticides on any land owned or operated by the city, including public rights-of-way, parks, playing fields, watersheds and ditches, open space lands, public landscapes and any other areas under its ownership and jurisdiction and will seek to use only pollinator-friendly methods of weed and pest control on any city owned or operated land.

2. Imidacloprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, dinotefuran, and all other neonicotinoid insecticides shall not be used by the city’s contractors, including lessees, under any contract, lease or service agreement with the city, on any land that is solely owned by, or managed by the city, including agricultural lands. This prohibition shall extend to and include seed dressings, soil treatments, foliar sprays, and other types of applications. This prohibition shall not apply to existing contracts to the extent that it will impair existing contractual rights.

3. Exceptions for the purchase and use of neonicotinoids, as provided in sections 1 and 2 above, will be allowed only in emergency situations when the life or health of a valuable, important land asset is at risk, such as a valuable tree or golf greens, and when a neonicotinoid application is the most effective option, while taking into consideration environmental impacts, economic concerns and pollinator health. The city may develop policies to implement the ban on neonicotinoids set forth above, which are consistent with and do not conflict with the provisions of this resolution in the City of Lafayette Integrated Pest Management Plan.

4. The city hereby urges all residents and businesses in the city and county to suspend neonicotinoids for use in seed treatment, soil application, foliar treatment and all other application methods on bee attractive plants, trees, crops, forage, and cereals in urban and agricultural settings.

5. The city will seek to purchase landscaping materials, including plant and seeds, that have not been treated with neonicotinoids and hereby urges all businesses, homeowners and HOAs operating within the city to take steps to ensure no plants, seeds or products containing neonicotinoids are purchased, sold or used within the city to clearly and accurately label any plants or materials that contain neonicotinoids, or that have been treated with neonicotinoids. Resolution No.2015-57 3

6. The city recognizes the importance of pollinators and their services, and will support efforts to educate the broader community about the actions it is taking; and, furthermore, the city will encourage other entities, businesses, schools, neighborhoods and households to adopt similar policies and practices.

RESOLVED AND PASSED THIS 15th DAY OF SEPTEMBER, 2015